Table 1

Data coverage of prevalence estimates of violence against children

Number of estimatesNumber of  countriesNumber of  studies
Total13 830171643
Sex
Male6334154609
Female7496151643
Form of violence
Emotional461314418
Physical6024170591
Sexual5675772
Neglect000
Witnessing IPV000
Physical/emotional2267123243
Physical/emotional/neglect3811
Physical/emotional/sexual2714545
Physical/sexual481314
Physical/emotional/sexual/witnessing211
Region (WHO)
African region24873475
Americas region23793693
Eastern Mediterranean region23332091
European region487852289
South-east Asia region417823
Western Pacific region13362072
Main perpetrator groupings
Parent/Caregiver/Household member23544849
Student9149136484
Peer (any peers either from school, home, other)45527312
Boyfriend/Girlfriend/Intimate partner13555469
Teacher4811
Stranger000
Adult211
Authority figures4233
Any perpetrator2371724
Other18855
Included in meta regression
Physical violence from students, boys2157134471
Physical violence from students, girls2092134471
Physical violence from household members (proxy reports), boys5594343
Physical violence from household members (proxy reports), girls5594343
Physical violence from intimate partners, girls3414758
Emotional violence from students, boys128782309
Emotional violence from students, girls123982309
Emotional violence from household members (proxy reports), boys5464344
Emotional violence from household members (proxy reports), girls5464344
Emotional violence from intimate partners, girls3114550
Sexual violence from intimate partners, girls3234553
Included in meta-analysis
Physical violence from authority figures, boys3055
Physical violence from authority figures, girls3055
Physical violence from caregivers (child self-reports), boys3055
Physical violence from caregivers (child self-reports), girls3055
Emotional violence from caregivers (child self-reports), boys1522
Emotional violence from caregivers (child self-reports), girls1522
Not presented in this paper
Sexual violence from any perpetrator, girls6688
Sexual violence from any perpetrator, boys5288