Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of study participants

Characteristic*Individualised education (intervention) arm (n=161)Usual care arm (n=163)P values†
Maternal characteristics
 Age, years26.8±7.027.4±6.60.42
 Education, years2.2 ± 2.52.3±2.50.69
 Literacy, no. (%)85 (53)93 (57)0.44
 Parity3.5±2.33.3±2.00.38
Child characteristics
 Male, no. (%)92 (57)90 (55)0.73
 Age at enrolment, months15. 8 ± 5.215.1±5.20.19
 Length/height-for-age Z score−3.47±0.73−3.41±0.740.45
  Male−3.61±0.74−3.54 ± 0.700.56
  Female−3.29±0.69−3.25±0.760.70
  One child in the home−3.41±0.77−3.27±0.710.27
  Two children in the home−3.47±0.66−3.43±0.730.78
  ≥ 3  children in the home−3.66±0.80−3.72±0.810.81
 Weight-for-age Z score−1.95±0.76−1.92 ± 0.790.73
 Weight-for-length/height Z score−0.10±0.91−0.09±0.870.90
Feeding practices indicators
 Minimum dietary diversity, no. (%)93 (58)80 (49)0.12
 Minimum meal frequency, no. (%)133 (83)146 (90)0.07
  No maternal education47/65 (72)50/61 (82)0.20
  Some maternal education86/96 (90)96/102 (94)0.24
 Minimum acceptable diet, no. (%)83 (52)74 (45)0.27
Household characteristics
 Family poverty score27.3±11.428.3±0.20.44
 Children in household under 5  years1.71±0.751.76±0.670.56
  • *Plus minus values are means±SD.

  • †P values calculated using Student’s t-test for continuous variables and the Χ2 test for categorical variables.