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Thirtieth anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: advancing a child rights-based approach to child health and well-being
  1. Jeffrey Goldhagen1,
  2. Andrew Clarke2,
  3. Peter Dixon3,
  4. Ana Isabel Guerreiro4,
  5. Gerison Lansdown5,
  6. Ziba Vaghri6
  1. 1 Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine--Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
  2. 2 Save the Children UK, London, UK
  3. 3 International Child Rights Programming Consultant, Independent Consultant, Ross-on-Wye, UK
  4. 4 Independent Consultant on Children's Rights, Albufeira, Portugal
  5. 5 Independent Child Rights Consultant, London, UK
  6. 6 University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jeffrey Goldhagen; jeffrey.goldhagen{at}


Global challenges to children’s health are rooted in social and environmental determinants. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) articulates the rights required to address these civil-political, social, economic and cultural determinants of child well-being. The principles of child rights—universality, interdependence and accountability—define the tenets of social justice and health equity required to ensure all rights accrue to all children, and the accountability of individuals and organisations (duty-bearers) to ensure these rights are fulfilled. Together, the CRC and child rights principles establish the structure and function of a child rights-based approach (CRBA) to child health and well-being—that provides the strategies and tools to transform child health practice into a rights, justice and equity-based paradigm. The 30th anniversary of the CRC is an opportune time to translate a CRBA to health and well-being into a global practice of paediatrics and child health.

  • children's rights
  • comm child health
  • general paediatrics
  • paediatric practice
  • medical education

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  • Contributors All authors (JG, GL, PD, AIG, AC and ZV) provided equal and substantial contributions to the concept and design, interpretation of available data, authorship drafting and authorship editing of this review article; provided their final approval of this version for publication; and are in agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work and ensure any questions related to the accuracy or integrity of the article are appropriately investigated and resolved.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available in a public, open access repository. Data sharing not applicable as no data sets generated and/or analysed for this study.

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