Objectives Children and young people (CYP) and their carers often have few alternatives than to come to the Emergency Department (ED) when in crisis. This survey aimed to examine the availability of services for this group of patients in UK Emergency departments in 2021, and to assess progress since the previous survey in 2018.
Methods An online survey was distributed via email and WhatsApp groups by the Royal College of Emergency Medicine (RCEM) to all UK ED Clinical and Mental Health leads (covering 240 EDs). Participants were given one month (October 2021) to complete the survey. The survey asked about services for children and adolescents presenting to the ED with mental health problems. Questions in 2021 survey were adapted from the 2018 survey and included multiple choice and free text responses.
Results The response rate was 23% (56 of 240 EDs) responses compared to 39% (93 EDs) in the 2018 report. 54% of respondents reported that CAMH ED services were generally poor or awful, which was unchanged from 2018 (53%). However, there was a mixed picture as 23% rated their CAMH service as good or excellent compared to 9% in 2018. Overall, 23% reported an improvement, 37% unchanged and 40% worsened service quality over the last 3 years. 62% of responders reported the availability of a local specialist CAMH phone service. 20% of respondents reported availability of specialist CAMH services with 24/7 coverage (up from 8% in 2018) but 64% of respondents reported no service after 5pm. Half of participants indicated wait times of 12–24 hours for CAMH assessment for a CYP presenting to the ED between the hours of 3pm and 7pm. 65% reported deviation from 2013 NICE guidelines which recommend admitting CYP who are awaiting a psychosocial assessment by specialist services. 70% reported that their paediatric ED’s lacked specific areas to assess or observe CYP in crisis. Two thirds of respondents reported waiting times of over 24 hours for a tier 4 bed, with free text comments indicating that some patients have waited 5 days.
Conclusions This survey shows slight improvements in hours of coverage for CYP in crisis, and introduction of a 24/7 CYP crisis phone line in many areas. Unfortunately, there are large numbers of patients who cannot be seen by a specialist after 5pm. There are still unacceptably long waits for assessment in many departments and shockingly long waits for mental health beds for CYP. Since 2015 more funding has been assigned to CAMH services and in many cases the rate limiting step to improving services has been the difficulty recruiting specialists. The pandemic has exacerbated the demand for CYP mental health services and more needs to be done to meet the needs of this group.
This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.