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PP-011 Study on the congenital heart defects in children
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  1. Simona Cosoveanu,
  2. Cristina Singer,
  3. Ileana Petrescu
  1. University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, 2nd Pediatric Clinic, Emergency County Hospital Craiova

Abstract

Aim Congenital heart defects represent an important health problem. The assessment of congenital heart defects (CHD) in children

Material and Method We carried out a retrospective study on congenital heart defects (CHD) in children admitted in the 2nd Pediatric Clinic of the Emergency County Hospital in Craiova, in 2021. We focused on the affectation according to: age groups, sex and social environment, CHD type, age when diagnosed, maternal/fetal risk factors, birth weight, feeding method, anthropometric parameters, associated affections, and hospitalization period. associated anomalies.

Results We registered a number of 58 cases of CHD. CHD frequency: according to sex – male/female: 36/22; social environment - urban/rural: 30/28. Distribution according to age groups: 0–1 years 62.1%, 1–3 years 8.6%, 3–6 years 15.5%, 6–16 years 13.8%. 31% of the cases presented carential/ferriprive anemia, 12.2% dystrophy. Most CHDs were non-cyanogenic 86.2%; the rest of them were cyanogenic (tetralogy of Fallot), vascular and obstructive anomalies, complex CHD. We registered the presence of Langdon-Down disease in 2 cases.

Conclusions CHD frequency within the general pathology was 6.5%; it prevailed in the age group between 1 and 12 months; we did not register any difference among the social environment and sex; most CHDs were non-cyanogenic

  • congenital heart defects
  • child
  • maternal and fetal risk factors

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