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PP-026 Prevalence of vitamin d deficiency in newborn babies and its associations in a district capital in southern India
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  1. Abhinaya Kotha1,
  2. Radha Kumari Paladugu2,
  3. Abhinandana Kotha3,
  4. Muralidhar Reddy Kotha4
  1. 1Guntur Medical College, Guntur
  2. 2Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam
  3. 3Katuri Medical College and Hospital, Guntur
  4. 4Chandamama Children’s Hospital, Ongole

Abstract

Aim The study aims to estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association between maternal and child determinants among newborns of around 1 week of age attending the outpatient pediatric department at a pediatric hospital in a district capital in southern India.

Material and Method A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among a sample size of 100 newborns around 1 week of age. Data was collected using a pre-designed, pre-tested and semi-structured questionnaire by interviewing and a blood sample for vitamin D assay. The questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic information, details about the nutritional status of the newborn, breastfeeding, supplementation, any illnesses, and sun exposure. Other tools included an adult weighing scale, a measuring tape and a Cobas moduloanalyzer. Exclusion criteria: Those who had not consented, had a mother with known Vitamin D deficiency, or had known endocrine or renal disorders.

Results (Table 1): 15% of the newborns had insufficient vitamin D levels. The following were statistically significant: median difference in Birth weight with a P value of 0.0123, median difference of Calcium between Vitamin D Levels with a P value of 0.00033, Current baby weight with a P value of 0.0115, the median difference in total monthly income with a P value of 0.0310. The median difference in Birth order of this child, Age of the child, Direct bilirubin, Indirect bilirubin and Total bilirubin between Vitamin D Levels was statistically not significant.

Abstract PP-026 Table 1

Comparison of parameters between vitamin D level in the study population (N=100)

Conclusions This study showed that the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency among the study population is around 15%. This outcome is significant, particularly since Vitamin D is crucial at this stage of development and since deficiency at this point can have lifelong consequences for the child. Statistical analysis revealed that newborns’ vitamin D levels are significantly associated with socioeconomic indicators like monthly income, birth weight of baby, baby’s current weight and their calcium levels.

  • Vitamin D deficiency in newborns
  • India
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Associations of Vitamin D deficiency in newborns

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