Table 3

Proportion of children in each ACE category by demographics

Sample sizeNo. of ACEs (%)χ² . p value
None1234 or more
Sex
 Male160932.934.620.48.43.80.004
 Female151037.335.118.86.52.2
Ethnicity
 White298234.734.719.97.63.10.07
 Non-white13543.636.713.45.60.6
Education of mother
 Degree or higher84251.432.911.82.81.1<0.001
 Vocational qualification11633535.919.27.92
 Highers24036.432.224.95.90.6
 Standard grade55518.738.223.312.37.4
 No qualifications29115.632.533.311.96.7
 Other2456.330.7850
Age of mother at birth of 1st child
 Under 2054112.530.131.516.39.5<0.001
 20 to 29159034.835.920.17.02.3
 30 to 3994548.336.211.43.50.6
 40 or over3546.428.820.22.42.2
Household equivalised income quintile
 Bottom (£<8410)62382734.519.710.8<0.001
 2nd quintile (£8410–£13 749)58726.633.626.110.63.2
 3rd quintile (£13 750-£21 784)51833.838.618.38.31
 4th quintile (£21 785–£33 570)59242.23617.14.20.5
 Top quintile (£≥£33 571)51352.832.711.12.31
Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation area quintile
 1—Most deprived74517.237.629.110.95.3<0.001
 258330.335.919.210.93.7
 363734.635.3225.62.5
 45934335.214.65.32.0
 5—Least deprived56155.729.310.23.81.0
Urban/rural classification
 Urban256732.634.920.88.33.4<0.001
 Rural55246.334.514.33.61.3
  • ACE, adverse childhood experience.