Table 1

Summary of continuous variables by sex

VariableMalesFemalesAll subjects
nMeanMedianSDIQRnMeanMedianSDIQRnMeanMedianSDIQR
Age (years)6515.03.210915.62.917415.33.2
Weight (kg)6587.42310985.420.617486.222
Height (cm)65168.4* 9.613.2109164.36.5174165.88.1
Height z650.390.881090.521.001740.470.96
BMI (kg/m2) 6530.95.910932.56.1174326.1
zBMI652.830.471092.780.591742.800.55
Waist (cm)651011510995.4171749915.9
Waist-z652.97*0.511093.680.681743.450.72
SAD (cm)5723.13.210222.33.515922.63.4
FMI (kg/m2)6312.5*4.010815.03.617114.13.89
Systolic BP (mm Hg)631091010910610.17210710
Systolic BP z63−1.051.03109−1.091.08172−1.071.06
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)635391095410172549
Diastolic BP z63−0.601.10109−0.631.19172−0.611.15
Cholesterol (mmol/L)654.50.91094.30.81744.40.8
Triglycerides (mmol/L)641.1*0.61090.90.61731.00.6
ALT (mmol/L)6532*2710924131742616
HDL (mmol/L)621.10.41081.10.31711.10.3
HbA1c (%)625.50.51055.40.41675.40.5
HOMA-IR653.02.91082.42.11732.62.6
Fasting insulin (mU/L)651514.110912.110.51741311.1
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)654.6*0.61084.40.451734.40.5
PWV (m/s)547.31.1927.11.21467.11.2
  • *Statistically significant differences between sexes (p<0.05).

  • BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; FMI, fat mass index; HbA1c, haemoglobin 1c; HOMA, homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance; PWV, pulse wave velocity; SAD, anterior-posterior sagittal abdominal dimension; z, z-score.