Table 3

Results by region

World
(n=121)
Africa
(n=23)
South-East Asia (n=8)South and Central America (n=19)Western Pacific (n=12)Eastern Mediterranean (n=15)North America (n=3)Europe (n=41)P value
GDP classification†<0.001*
 Low income, no. (%)14 (12)11 (48)1 (13)1 (5)01 (7)00
 Lower middle income, no. (%)30 (25)6 (26)6 (75)4 (21)5 (42)5 (33)04 (10)
 Upper middle income, no. (%)34 (28)5 (22)1 (13)12 (63)1 (8)4 (27)1 (33)10 (24)
 High income, no. (%)43 (36)1 (4)02 (11)6 (50)5 (33)2 (67)27 (66)
Number of paediatricians per country, median (IQR)650 (180-3,500)70 (23-167)500 (320-3,700)1200 (30-5,500)2900 (600–5600)650 (425–3000)25 000 (2667–80 000)1545 (500-4500)<0.001**
Number of paediatricians per 100 000 children<18 years,‡ median (IQR)32 (5–74)0.8 (0.4–2.6)4 (3–9)47 (9–64)32 (17–64)25 (5–49)59 (38–109)87 (49–135)<0.001**
Number of new paediatricians entering the workforce each year per 100 000 children<18 years in country,‡ median (IQR)1.44 (0.42–3.07)0.08 (0.04–0.14)0.42 (0.35–0.79)1.47 (1.05–2.67)1.44 (0.60–3.06)0.80 (0.37–2.19)5.61 (1.66–9.57)3.08 (1.86–4.05)<0.001**
Transition from paediatric care§
 by age 12 years, no. (%)3 (3)1 (4)02 (11)00000.25*
 by age 15 years, no. (%)47 (39)16 (70)6 (75)8 (44)1 (8)11 (73)05 (12)<0.001*
 by age 18 years, no. (%)98 (82)23 (100)7 (88)15 (83)8 (67)15 (100)2 (67)29 (71)<0.001*
 by age 21 years, no. (%)118 (98)23 (100)8 (100)18 (100)11 (92)15 (100)2 (67)41 (100)0.01*
Countries reporting regular paediatric promotive and preventive care received, no. (%)110 (91)19 (83)7 (88)19 (100)11 (92)10 (67)3 (100)41 (100)0.002*
Percentage of primary care provided by non-physician, median (IQR)28 (9–58)81 (53–85)50 (35–68)32 (17–61)11 (5–27)9 (17–26)30 (12–32)13 (3–33)<0.001**
Percentage of primary care provided by general physician, family doctor or medical officer, median (IQR)20 (11–36)17 (12–25)17 (11–38)18 (12–28)36 (15–46)21 (14–24)17 (17–17)22 (9–49)0.83**
Percentage of primary care provided by paediatrician, median (IQR)33 (13–59)3 (2–16)27 (20–33)26 (23–55)50 (46–71)59 (47–69)51 (51–51)48 (26–71)<0.001‡
Number of physicians per 100 000 population,¶ (median, IQR)158.1 (43.4–290.0)12.0 (5.5–37.2)39.2 (23.6–64.7)117.9 (81.7–116.5)175 (114.5–257.5)154.6 (85.4–196.4)247.7 (207.1–255.4)331.1 (277.7–403.5)<0.001**