Table 1

Definitions

ChildPerson under the age of 18 years.7
Asylum seekerPersons or children of such persons who are in the process of applying for refugee status under the 1951 Geneva Refugee Convention.57
RefugeeA person, who ‘owing to well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinions, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country’.1
Undocumented childrenChildren who live without a residence permit, have overstayed visas or have refused immigration applications and who have not left the territory of the destination country subsequent to receipt of an expulsion order or children passing through or residing temporarily in a country without seeking asylum.57
Unaccompanied minorsChildren who have been separated from both parents and other relatives and are not being cared for by any adult.1