Table 4

Child age and maltreatment type in investigations referred from hospitals for maltreatment-related concerns in Ontario (1993–2013)

OIS-1993OIS-1998OIS-2003OIS-2008OIS-2013
EstimateRate per 1000%EstimateRate per 1000%EstimateRate per 1000%EstimateRate per 1000%EstimateRate per 1000%
<1 year4783.23205373.7829143310.08***34209915.8832150811.1326
1–3 years7121.65294631.05258751.99* 2112583.121911892.7921
4–7 years4950.81202670.44**156581.08**1610121.811610841.9019
8–11 years1890.3281530.2686091.03**1510661.71168441.4515
12–15 years5690.99234020.70225841.011410711.601611731.8420
Physical abuse9710.44406480.293610540.44256940.29117450.3113
Sexual abuse5240.24211330.0633580.15**63220.146
Neglect6640.30278850.384919510.82* 4711870.501810300.4418
Emotional maltreatment1000.0542390.10* 137070.30**172710.1142900.125
Exposure to intimate partner violence3140.1383530.1559350.40**16
Risk36431.535624761.0543
Total investigations24431001822100415910065061005798100
  • *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

  • †Estimate is too small to report.