Table 2

Demographic and clinical correlates with ACE scores of children attending CP clinics

Total
n=279 (%)
ACE ≥4
n=78 (%)
P value*
Gender
 Male189 (68)49 (26)0.273
 Female90 (32)29 (32)
Age group (years)
 0 to <5 180 (65)34 (19)<0.001
 5 to <10 68 (24)24 (35)
 ≥10 31 (11)20 (65)
Cultural background<0.001
 Asian54 (19)7 (13)
 Middle Eastern51 (18)8 (16)
 Anglo-Australian44 (16)24 (55)
 Indigenous33 (12)21 (64)
 Other40 (14)8 (20)
 Unknown57 (21)10 (18)
Clinical conditions
 Primary diagnosis274 (98)77 (28)NA
 Secondary diagnosis224 (80)59 (26)0.224
 Existing chronic conditions163 (58)40 (25)0.132
 Chronic conditions ≥279 (28)20 (25)0.537
  • A child could have one or more diagnoses as well as a chronic condition; or one diagnosis with a chronic condition.

  • NA denotes χ2 test not carried out as more than 1 expected cell count <5.

  • *P value comparing ACE ≥4 group and different clinical/demographic categories.

  • ACE, adverse childhood experience; CP, community paediatric.