Table 6

Publications providing data on gastric volume, abdominal girth and feed intolerance

PaperRegimenMean gastric volume±SD (μmol/kg/hour)Abdominal girth 24 hours post (cm)Feed intolerance
Chew (2005)20 P 2.5%, C 1% (3 d)25.2±1.650%
P 2.5%, T 1% (3 d)27.1±2.025%
P 1%, C 0.2% (3 d)27.1±2.925%
Isenberg (1985)15 C 0.25% (2 d)10±7
C 0.5% (2 d)Approx. 2.5±1*
Mitchell (2016)28 P 1%, C 0.2% (3 d)Increased gastric residual (statistically significant)†
  • *P<0.01.

  • †Data not presented.

  • C, cyclopentolate;P, phenylephrine;T, tropicamide;d, standard drop.