Table 3

Interventions: components of task-specific training for included studies

StudyTask-specific intervention/sKey characteristics of task-specific trainingComponents of the TIDiER checklist
Overall approachMotor learning strategies reportedDosage
(total hours)
SettingFormatProvidersAdherenceFidelity
Goal-directed Motor learning driven Feedback Cogn. strat. Repet. practice Task mod. Environ. mod Obs. learning Dual task learning Reported?
Group designs
AACPDM level II and III task-specific versus comparisonBar-Haim et al 27 Motor learning coaching1 hour, 3 days/week for 3 months
(36 hours)
SchoolNSTrained PT
Bleyenheuft et al 25 HABIT-ILE9 hours/day for 10 consecutive days
(90 hours)
Recreation campGroupTrained PTs, OTs, and PT/OT students
Declerck et al 26 Swimming skills programme40–50 mins, 2 days/week for 10 weeks
(15 hours)
Swimming poolGroupPT and PT students
Grecco et al 28 Overground walking30 mins, 2 days/week for 7 weeks
(7 hours)
NSNSTherapist
Ketelaar et al 33 Functional therapy6 months—intensity or hours NS
(NS)
Clinic and homeNSTrained PTs and parents
Kumban et al 29 Sit-to-stand task training20 min, 3 days/week for 6 weeks
(6 hours)
SchoolNSChild’s own PT
Swe et al 30 Overground walking30 mins, 2 days/week for 8 weeks
(8 hours)
SchoolNSPTs
Capio et al 31 Functional motor skills training45 mins, 1 day/week for 4 weeks
(3 hours)
NSNSEach child’s regular PT
Level I and III task-specific vs task-specificHemayattalab et al 32 Throwing task with different feedback conditionsTwo sessions in 2 days
(NS)
NSNSNS
Hemayattalab and Rostami 34 Throwing task with different feedback conditionsEight sessions
Intensity or hours NS
(NS)
NSNSSpecialist trainers
Löwing et al e35 Activity focused individual therapy vs goal-directed therapy✓ (goal group only)✓ inc. home programmeThree sessions/fortnight for 12 weeks
(NS)
Clinic and home/preschoolGroup and individualPT, OT, SP, teacher and parents
Level IVSorsdahl et al 36 Functional family centred goal-directed therapy✓ inc. home programme3 hours, 5 days/week for 3 weeks
(45 hours)
ClinicGroupTrained PTs and parents
Single-subject design
Level IThorpe and Valvano14 Novel motor task learning with different conditionsThree sessions over 5 days
(NS)
SchoolIndividualPT (also the PI)
  • Cogn, cognitive; environ, environmental; inc, including; NS, not stated; HABIT-ILE, Hand Arm Bimanual Intensive Training Including Lower Extremity; mod, modification; PI, principal investigator; Obs, observational; OT, occupational therapist; PT, physiotherapist; SP, speech therapist; Strat, strategies; TIDiER, Template for Intervention Descriptions and Replication; trained, trained in specific intervention protocol.