Table 2

Main congenital heart disease (CHD) lesion among people with Down syndrome by sex

Main lesion
of CHD
SexTotal
FemaleMale
NumberPer centNumberPer centNumberPer cent
VSD14240.113138.827339.5
ASD7521.27020.714521.0
AVSD5515.54713.910214.7
PDA4813.64011.88812.7
TOF236.5308.9537.7
PS10.351.560.9
DORV0.030.930.4
Ebstein10.310.320.3
AR10.30.010.1
CoA0.010.310.1
MR10.30.010.1
TA0.010.310.1
TR0.010.310.1
Unknown72.082.4152.1
Total354100.0338100.0692100.0
  • AR, aortic regurgitation;ASD, atrial septal defect;AVSD, atrioventricular septal defect;CoA, coarctation of aorta;DORV, double outlet right ventricle;Ebstein, Ebstein’s anomaly;MR, mitral regurgitation;PDA, patent ductus arteriosus;PS, pulmonary stenosis;TA, tricuspid atresia;TOF, tetralogy of Fallot;TR, tricuspid regurgitation; VSD, ventricular septal defect.