Table 1

Hospital characteristics

HospitalPaediatric upper age limit
Population, rural/inner cityType of hospital, paediatric or mixed hospital and EDSupervising specialistPaediatric ED visits
Primary care during out-of-office hoursSelf- referral (%)Triage systemAdmission rate (%)
AT, MUG*17MixedTertiary, university
hospital mixed,
ED paediatric
Paediatrician10 000–20 000No50–75MTS12
DE, LMU†18MixedTertiary university
hospital and ED paediatric
Paediatrician, paediatric emergency physician10 000–20 000Yes50–75MTS10
GR, NKUA‡16Inner cityTertiary, university
hospital and ED paediatric
Paediatrician30 000–40 000No>75Local/National15
LV, RSU§18MixedTertiary, university
hospital and ED paediatric
Paediatrician>40 000No20–50MTS12
NL, RUMC¶18MixedTertiary university
hospital paediatric, ED mixed
Paediatrician, emergency physician<10 000Yes<20Local/National30
NL, EMC**18MixedTertiary university
hospital paediatric, ED mixed
Paediatrician<10 000Yes20–50MTS20
SL, UKCL††18MixedTertiary university
hospital mixed,
ED paediatric
Paediatrician<10 000Yes<5Local/National51
SP, SERGAS‡‡15MixedUniversity
hospital mixed,
ED paediatric
Paediatrician30 000–40 000Yes>75MTS4
UK, LIV§§16MixedTertiary, university
hospital and ED paediatric
Paediatric emergency physician>40 000Yes50–75MTS20
UK, SMH¶¶16Inner cityUniversity
hospital mixed, ED paediatric
Paediatric emergency physician20 000–30 000Yes>75MTS15
UK, UNEW***16MixedTertiary, university
hospital and ED paediatric
Paediatrician, emergency physician20 000–30 000Yes50–75MTS15
  • *Medical University of Graz, Department of General Paediatrics, Graz, Austria.

  • †Dr von Hauner Children’s Hospital, university hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU), Munich, Germany.

  • ‡National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Second Department of Paediatrics, P & A Kyriakou Children’s Hospital, Athens, Greece.

  • §Rīgas Stradiņa universitāte, Children’s Clinical University Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, Riga, Latvia.

  • ¶Amalia Children’s Hospital, Radboudumc, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

  • **Erasmus MC-Sophia Children’s Hospital, Department of General Paediatrics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

  • ††University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

  • ‡‡Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

  • §§Alder Hey Children’s NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.

  • ¶¶Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Section of Paediatrics, London, UK.

  • ***Great North Children’s Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

  • ED, emergency department; MTS, Manchester Triage System.