Table 3

Factors that can potentially influence resource use, based on previous literature

Diagnostic testsAntibiotic prescription ratesAdmission rates
Triage±±
Supervision and physician specialty±++
Guideline implementation+++
Electronic health records+
Criteria for paediatric intensive care unit admission+
Time spent in the emergency department+
Primary care and pre-hospital services+++
Immunisation+++
Point-of-care tests++*+
  • +Possible influence.

  • ±Influence not clear.

  • −No influence expected.

  • *In adults.