Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Participants/populationInterventions designed for children aged between 5 and 11 years at entry to study
Interventions delivered directly to the child and indirectly (ie, delivered by a proxy parent)
All conditions/diseases or health behaviours
Populations including children aged 5–11 years, but also spanning a wider age range (eg, 5–16 years)
Participants with developmental delays as defined by the ICD-10.86 This review aimed to look at how interventions were delivered to the developmental stages of childhood (5–11 years). Children 5 to 11 years old with developmental delays would not be at a typical 5–11 year developmental stage
InterventionAny behavioural intervention (First, Second or Third Wave11) aiming to change behaviour with a view to changing health outcomes or health behaviours (physical and mental health)Interventions that were not cognitive and/or behavioural (eg, surgery, medications etc)
ContextAny settingsNot restricted by setting
TimeFrom 2005 to 2019. The UK’s Increasing Access to Psychological Therapies initiative was established in 2005; this was characterised by an expansion in the provision and evaluation of psychological therapies, largely CBT23 Any study prior to the year 2005
Study typeRCTs
Published in peer-reviewed journals and available in English
Studies that were not RCTs, eg, observational cohort studies and case reports
  • We use the term ‘parent’ to refer to the primary caregiver/caregivers within the home.

  • CBT, cognitive-behavioural therapy; RCT, randomised controlled trial.