Table 4

Dimensions of complexity

Dimension of complexityExamples
Multiple components for different settings or different recipients
  • “cognitive-behavioral skills training, psychiatric consultation as needed, parent management training, family therapy, school consultation, and peer interventions to encourage affiliation with prosocial peers” 34

  • “parent and child groups; … family counseling sessions… peer mentoring… academic tutoring” 94 “offered in the community, at home, school, at the treatment center” 16

  • “It aggregates adaptations of several treatments that have individually shown efficacy for ADHD (parent training, teacher consultation/school-home notes, child skills training)” 26

  • “The therapist was in contact with the children, the parents, and the teachers in the weekly meetings and by telephone. Likewise, the parents and teachers were in contact daily by means of the home-school card” 95

  • “community-based … team sports program… Home intervention to promote environmental changes… Primary Care Counseling Intervention” 33

Multiple components for the child
  • “social-cognitive and emotional-coping skills training… peer-relations coaching… academic tutoring… classroom management96

  • In other examples, the child’s cognitive or behavioural therapy sessions were supplemented with an additional experiential component such as sports sessions,33 37 48–50 67 68 cooking workshops36 37 or field trips97

Multiple components with different modes of delivery
  • children were given a CD with relaxation exercises (PMR) to do as homework assignments58

  • online coaching was a three week programme ( providing parents with materials and advice on how to encourage their children to brush their teeth62

  • ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.