Table 4

Overview of newborns receiving chest compressions after birth

Duration of chest compressionsDuration of PPV prior to chest compressions (s)Gestational age in weeksVenous pH/BE*Arterial pH/BE*IntubatedIntravenous accessEpinephrine boluses (n)Fluid bolusImmediate outcomeTherapeutic hypothermiaMRI signs of hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy
0 min/17 s0 407.27/−7.997.18/−8.31NoNoneParental care
0 min/36 s120 377.38/0.627.35/−1.20NoNoneParental care
0 min/46 s106 407.23/−4.117.14/−3.79NoNoneNICU admissionNoNo
1 min/51 s0 s357.25/−2.387.20/−1.59YesNoneNICU admissionNoNo
3 min/46 s140 417.31/−4.047.26/−3.59YesPVC0NoNICU admissionNoNo
16 min/41 s140 397.28/−5.657.18/−5.76YesPVC2YesNICU admissionYesNo
18 min/13 s62 40– /--/-YesIO needle1YesDiscontinued
19 min/28 s44 406.51/−20.986.88/−16.58YesUVC2YesNICU admissionYesSevere
  • *Blood values from umbilical cord blood gas taken directly after birth.

  • BE, base excess; IO, intraosseous; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit;PPV, positive pressure ventilation; PVC, peripheral venous catheter; UVC, umbilical venous catheter.