Table 5

Comparison of newborns ≥34 weeks’ gestation returned to parental care or admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)

Returned to parental care (n=128)Admitted to NICU
(n=75)
P value
General characteristics
 Weight (g)3629 (3217–3989)3455 (2865–3870)0.042*
 Gestational age (weeks)40 (39–41)40 (38–41)0.073*
Interventions
 CPAP only65 (51%)20 (27%)0.001†
 PPV63 (49%)55 (73%)0.001†
 PPV duration (s)77 (40–112)202 (90–391)<0.001*
 Intubation08 (11%)<0.001‡
 Chest compressions2 (2%)5 (7%)0.066‡
 Intravenous access013 (17%)<0.001‡
Umbilical blood values
 Arterial pH7.19 (0.11)7.17 (0.12)0.166*
 Arterial base excess−4.6 (3.1)−5.9 (4.1)0.073*
 Venous pH7.30 (0.09)7.26 (0.09)0.002*
 Venous base excess−5.1 (2.8)−6.3 (3.5)0.023*
Apgar scores
 1 min Apgar6 (6–8)5 (3–6)<0.001*
 5 min Apgar9 (8–9)7 (6–8)<0.001*
 10 min Apgar9 (9–10)8 (7–9)<0.001*
  • Umbilical cord blood values presented as mean (SD). All others presented as n (%). Weight, gestational age, PPV duration and Apgar presented as median (IQR).

  • *Mann-Whitney.

  • †χ2.

  • ‡Fisher’s exact test.

  • CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; PPV, positive pressure ventilation.