Table 1

Selected primary data sources/cohorts and resulting publications on stunting in Guatemala

SourcePublications, 2000–2018, nYears of data collectionDescription
Demographic and Health Surveys40 81987, 1995, 1998–999, 2002, 2008–2009, 2014–2015Representative, population-based sampling using standardised questions and indicators permitting cross-country comparisons on important topics, including household composition, fertility and family planning, maternal and child health indicators, and child growth and nutrition
INCAP Study3 351969–1977, 1988–1989, 1991–1996, 1996–1999, 1997–1999, 2002–2004, 2005–2007A cluster-randomised study of the effect of early complementary feeding and health services for pregnant and lactating women and children from birth to 7 years of age, carried out in four villages in eastern Guatemala in 1969–1977, with subsequent multigenerational follow-up of the cohort, yielding insights into the impact of complementary feeding on growth and long-term outcomes, such as economic productivity, schooling and non-communicable diseases
Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research41 52008–presentFunded through a public–private partnership between the National Institutes of Health of the United States and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, a multicountry collaborative which includes a maternal newborn health registry, as well as multiple clinical trials
National Standards of Living Survey42 72000, 2006, 2011, 2014A representative, population-based survey run by the Guatemalan Institute of Statistics, which includes data on socioeconomic indicators, poverty, work conditions, as well as child growth and other health indicators
Universidad del Valle de Guatemala Longitudinal Study43 11953–1999The Universidad del Valle de Guatemala Longitudinal Study was a study of human growth and intelligence that enrolled children from seven urban and two rural schools, with regular measurements. The data are partly cross-sectional and partly longitudinal and are still only partially collated but may include observations on >130 000 children
  • INCAP, Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama.