Table 4

Details of transport

Transportn (%)
Type of transport (n=100)
 Ambulance77
 Car10
 Taxi7
 Bus1
 Auto rickshaw3
 Scooter/bike1
 Walk1
Facilities in ambulance vehicle (n=77)
 Oxygen76 (99)
 Resuscitation drugs and equipment32 (42)
 Multiparameter monitor08 (10)
 Doctor/paramedical staff49 (64)
Deterioration noted during transit (n=100)
 Yes62
 No12
 Could not recognise26
Signs of deterioration (n=100)
 Gasping58
 Fall in BP1
 Worsening of sensorium1
 Cyanosis1
 Vomiting1
Intervention done during deterioration (n=100)
 None35
 Increased flow of O2 18
 Intravenous fluids given1
 Bag and mask ventilation started2
 CPR5
 Suction1
Perceived delay during transit (n=100)
 No delay53
 Poor roads15
 Heavy traffic29
 Arranging funds4
 Use of public transportation1
 Difficulty in finding transportation5
 Stopped at other facility3
 Unfamiliarity with the route7
Distance travelled to reach referral centre (km)
 Median (IQR)80 (25–111.5)
Time taken to reach referral centre (min)
 Median (IQR)120 (60–180)
  • BP, blood pressure; CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation.