Table 2

Drummond checklist

(page number)
NoNot clearNot appropriate
Study design
1The research question is stated.
2The economic importance of the research question is stated.
3The viewpoint(s) of the analysis are clearly stated and justified.
4The rationale for choosing alternative programmes or interventions compared is stated.
5The alternatives being compared are clearly described.
6The form of economic evaluation used is stated.
7The choice of form of economic evaluation is justified in relation to the questions addressed.
Data collection
8The source(s) of effectiveness estimates used are stated.
9Details of the design and results of effectiveness study are given (if based on a single study).
10Details of the methods of synthesis or meta-analysis of estimates are given (if based on a synthesis of a number of effectiveness studies).
11The primary outcome measure(s) for the economic evaluation are clearly stated.
12Methods to value benefits are stated.
13Details of the subjects from whom valuations were obtained were given.
14Productivity changes (if included) are reported separately.
15The relevance of productivity changes to the study question is discussed.
16Quantities of resource use are reported separately from their unit costs.
17Methods for the estimation of quantities and unit costs are described.
18Currency and price data are recorded.
19Details of currency of price adjustments for inflation or currency conversion are given.
20Details of any model used are given.
21The choice of model used and the key parameters on which it is based on justified.
Analysis and interpretation of results
22Time horizon of costs and benefits is stated.
23The discount rate(s) is stated.
24The choice of discount rate(s) is justified.
25An explanation is given if costs and benefits are not discounted.
26Details of statistical tests and confidence intervals are given for stochastic data.
27The approach to sensitivity analysis is given.
28The choice of variables for sensitivity analysis is justified.
29The ranges over which the variables are varied are justified.
30Relevant alternatives are compared.
31Incremental analysis is reported.
32Major outcomes are presented in a disaggregated as well as aggregated form.
33The answer to the study question is given.
34Conclusions follow from the data reported.
35Conclusions are accompanied by the appropriate caveats.