Table 2

Concentrations of glucose regulatory hormones by treatment groups

Non-insulin-treated(<30 weeks PMA)mean (SD, n)†Insulin-treated mean (SD, n)†p Value (t-test of treated vs non-treated)*
Insulin concentration (pmol/L)93.2 (63.1, 88)155 (161, 53)<0.001
C-peptide concentration (pmol/L)200 (208, 79)51.7 (100, 49)<0.0001
Blood glucose (mmol/L)5.62 (2.20, 79)9.92 (2.23, 54)<0.0001
Insulin/C-peptide ratio3.28 (8.61, 79)24.9 (32.0, 49)<0.0001
Insulin/blood glucose ratio16.8 (12.5, 55)16.5 (18.3, 53)>0.1
  • *All t-tests were performed on ln-transformed data except BGC.

  • †n=number of measurements.

  • BGC, blood glucose concentration.