Table 2

Description of respondent emotional stress and VA quality indicators, between interviews with and without open narratives

No narrative
n (%)
Narrative
n (%)
Total
n (%)
P value
Respondent displayed visible emotional distress
 No1042 (82.4)990 (79.7)2032 (81.0)
 Yes223 (17.6)252 (20.3)475 (19.0)0.089
Type of emotional distress displayed during interview*
 Crying4 (1.8)12 (4.8)18 (3.4)
 Long silence59 (26.5)68 (27.0)127 (26.7)
 Other signs of emotional distress160 (71.8)172 (68.2)332 (69.9)0.191
Interview paused due to respondent becoming emotionally distressed*
 No89 (39.9)117 (46.4)206 (43.4)
 Yes—once31 (13.9)41 (16.3)72 (15.2)
 Yes—more than once103 (46.2)94 (37.3)197 (41.5)0.146
Respondent expressed desire to know the cause of death
 No1235 (97.6)1216 (97.9)2451 (97.8)
 Yes30 (2.4)26 (2.1)56 (2.2)0.638
Respondent suggested potential cause of death
 No909 (71.9)890 (71.7)1799 (71.8)
 Yes356 (28.1)352 (28.3)708 (28.2)0.912
InterVA able to assign cause of death
 Indeterminate77 (6.1)66 (5.3)143 (5.7)
 Determinate1188 (93.9)1176 (94.7)2364 (94.3)0.404
Number of ‘yes’ responses to closed questions† Mean (SD)
 Neonates22.6 (5.3)22.2 (5.3)22.4 (5.3)0.297
 Infants21.5 (6.8)21.3 (7.3)21.4 (7.0)0.658
 Child22.2 (8.2)21.3 (8.1)21.8 (8.1)0.122
  • *Questions only asked for respondents who had a visible display of emotional distress (n=475); ‘other’ was not further specified, but informal feedback from MEOs reported examples of distress seen in facial expressions and body language.

  • †Different numbers of questions are asked for different age groups.

  • MEOs, monitoring and evaluation officers; VA, verbal autopsy.