Table 5

Number and proportion of referrals to children’s social care (CSC) or hospital safeguarding teams (HSG)

A*
<5 years of ageCentre ACentre BCentre CCentre DTotal
Pre
(n=123)
Post
(n=271)
Pre
(n=305)
Post
(n=266)
Pre
(n=137)
Post
(n=177)
Pre
(n=199)
Post
(n=179)
Pre
(n=764)
Post
(n=893)
Referred CSC12 (9.8%)34 (12.5%)6 (2.0%.)9 (3.4%)8 (5.8%)7 (3.9%)11 (5.5%)19 (10.6%)37 (4.8%)69 (7.7%)
P value0.420.290.440.070.02
Referred HSG3 (2.4%)3 (1.1%)22 (7.2%)020 (14.6%)28 (15.8%)02 (1.12)45 (5.9%)33 (3.7%)
P value0.38<0.0010.880.220.04
Total referred
(CSC+HSG)
15/12337/27128/3059/26628/13735/17711/19921/17982/764102/893
%12.211.79.23.420.419.85.511.710.711.4
P value0.69<0.0010.880.030.66
>5 years of age
Pre
(n=84)
Post
(n=118)
Pre
(n=92)
Post
(n=100)
Pre
(n=75)
Post
(n=55)
Pre
(n=68)
Post
(n=54)
Pre
(n=319)
Post
(n=327)
Referred CSC6 (7.1%)3 (2.5%)2 (2.2%)2 (2.0%)2 (2.7%)2 (3.6%)7 (10.3%)4 (7.4%)17 (5.3%)11 (3.4%)
P value0.171.001.000.750.22
Referred HSG1 (1.2%)01 (1.1%)05 (6.7%)8 (14.5%)2 (2.9%)1 (1.8%)9 (2.8%)9 (2.7%)
P value0.420.480.151.000.96
Total referred
(CSC+HSG)
7/843/1183/922/1007/7510/559/685/5426/31920/327
%8.32.53.329.318.213.29.38.16.1
P value0.100.580.140.490.31
B
Referred CSC or HSG (combined)
Centre ACentre BCentre CCentre DTotal
PrePostPrePostPrePostPrePostPrePost
BT-score <36/121
(5.0%)
13/288
(4.6%)
8/265
(3.0%)
1/284
(0.3%)
8/122
(6.6%)
9/141
(6.4%)
3/102
(2.9%)
8/157
(5.1%)
25/610
(4.1%)
31/870
(3.6%)
P value0.850.020.950.540.60
BT-score ≥312/49
(24.5%)
26/75
(34.7%)
20/93
(21.5%)
10/82
(12.2%)
21/69
(30.4%)
26/43
(60.5%)
12/63
(19.0%)
18/55
(32.7%)
65/274
(23.7%)
80/255
(31.4%)
P value0.230.100.0020.100.05
  • A: split by age group. P values refer to χ2 tests comparing proportions of referrals to either CSC or HSG versus not referred to either of them (ie, for referrals to CSC, the p value refers to referred to CSC vs referred to HSG or not referred at all). B: split by BuRN-Tool score (BT-score). P values refer to χ2 tests comparing pre/post proportions of referrals to CSC and HSG combined for BT-scores <3 and ≥3.

  • *Sample size differs from total sample size within each centre due to missing data on referral and/or age.

  • †Sample size differs from total sample size within each centre due to missing data on referral and/or BT-score. Total sample size for each centre is as follows: Pre: centre A: 210, centre B: 416, centre C: 240, centre D: 284. Post: centre A: 401, centre B: 399, centre C: 252, centre D: 241.

  • BuRN-Tool, Burns Risk assessment for Neglect or abuse Tool.