Table 2

Infant demographics variables

VariablesCategoryOverall*Neonates who died†
n=161 (%)n=45 (%)
GenderFemale96 (59.6)27 (28.1)
Male65 (40.4)18 (27.7)
GA (weeks)25–3278 (49.1)36 (46.2)
33–3781 (50.9)9 (11.1)
HIV exposedYes58 (36.0)14 (24.1)
No103 (64.0)31 (30.1)
Prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT)Yes44 (27.3)11 (25.0)
No117 (72.7)34 (29.1)
Birth weight (g)≤1000 g43 (26.7)23 (53.5)
>1000 g118 (73.3)22 (18.6)
Born before arrivalYes11 (6.8)2 (18.2)
No150 (93.2)43 (28.7)
Mother not been to antenatal clinic (ANC)Yes (no ANC)25 (15.5)8 (32.0)
No (ANC attended)136 (84.5)37 (27.2)
intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)Yes111 (69.8)23 (20.7)
No48 (30.2)21 (43.8)
  • *The overall number and percentage per risk factor.

  • †The number and percentage of babies who died per risk factor category.

  • GA, gestational age; PMTCT, prevention of mother to child transmission; IUGR, intrauterine growth restriction.