Table 2

Ten most common diseases admitted in the ward and attended in the OPD during the reference period (2019) and their changes during the pandemic period (2020)

Disease20192020
AdmissionFrequency (% of total admission, n=1549)Frequency (% of total admission, n=635)
1. Acute appendicitis151 (9.8)59 (9.3)
2. Other intestinal obstructions118 (7.6)41 (6.5)
3. Abscess/cellulitis117 (7.6)33 (5.2)
4. Trauma101 (6.5)61 (9.6)
5. Inguinal hernia79 (5.1)3 (0.5)
6. ARM64 (4.1)44 (6.9)
7. HD64 (4.1)27 (4.3)
8. Intussusception44 (2.8)30 (4.7)
9. Malignancy39 (2.5)23 (3.6)
10. Hypospadias39 (2.5)32 (5.0)
OPDFrequency (% of total
OPD, n=2152)
Frequency (% of total OPD, n=603)
1. Inguinal hernia154 (7.2)49 (8.2)
2. Abscess127 (5.9)32 (5.3)
3. ARM78 (3.6)39 (6.5)
4. Hypospadias78 (3.6)24 (4.0)
5. Trauma69 (3.2)18 (3.0)
6. HD60 (2.8)29 (4.8)
7. UDT59 (2.7)8 (1.3)
8. Phimosis57 (2.7)18 (3.0)
9. Rectal polyp49 (2.3)18 (3.0)
10. UTI42 (2.0)8 (1.3)
  • Percent values are among the respective total number of admission or OPD attendance during the respective period.

  • ARM, anorectal malformation; HD, Hirschsprung's disease; NIO, neonatal intestinal obstruction; OPD, outpatient department; PUJO, pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction; UDT, undescended testis; UTI, urinary tract infection.