Table 1

Individual-level characteristics of participants, Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2016 (N=2210)

Low birth weightP value
VariablesYes
N (%)
No
N (%)
Total
N (%)
Maternal age0.36
 15–1915 (28.81)72 (71.19)87 (3.92)
 20–2453 (9.3)427 (90.7)480 (21.50)
 25–2980 (14.36)596 (85.64)676 (35.68)
 30–3449 (13.62)413 (86.38)462 (21.50)
 35–4938 (23.30)365 (88.70)403 (12.38)
Maternal educational level0.02
 No education78 (18.21)486 (81.79)565 (28.89
 Primary90 (11.03)697 (88.97)787 (38.01)
 Secondary and above67 (11.27)692 (88.73)759 (33.08)
Gestational age<0.01
<37 weeks23 (45.65)25 (54.35)40 (3.07)
≥37 weeks212 (12.16)1279 (87.84)1835 (96.93)
Iron supplementation
 Yes119 (12.66)1049 (87.34)1168 (56.79)0.123
 No116 (13.86)826 (86.14)942 (43.21)
Number of antenatal care visits0.08
<4 visits112 (15.95)782 (84.05)894 (43.41)
 ≥4 visits123 (11.05)1082 (88.95)1216 (56.59)
Media exposure0.10
 Yes151 (12.52)880 (87.48)1454 (66.98)
 No84 (14.51)424 (85.49)656 (33.02)
Maternal body mass index0.46
 Underweight38 (19.02)274 (80.98)312 (13.65)
 Normal150 (13.09)1139 (86.91)1289 (67.64)
 Overweight/obese47 (9)442 (91)509 (13.32)
Wealth index0.02
 Poor50 (15.83)332 (84.17)259 (17.24)
 Middle30 (17.22)158 (82.78)209 (13.91)
 Rich155 (11.70)1385 (88.30)1034 (68.84)
Maternal anaemia0.01
 Not anaemic152 (14.78)1305 (87.12)1457 (75.96)
 Mild12 (8.54)159 (91.50)171 (5.46)
 Moderate13 (14.06)95 (85.94)108 (4.26)
 Severe58 (16.28)316 (83.72)374 (14.31)
Sex of infant0.05
 Male106 (10.93)972 (89.06)1078 (51.13)
 Female129 (15.51)903 (84.49)1032 (48.97)