Table 5

Complete model with all parental factors, covariates age and sex of the child and dependent variable fatigue (PedsQL MFS General Fatigue Scale) for the entire group of children with chronic disease

Associated factorsUnstandardised βEffect size95% CI
 Age of the child−1.5−0.32.2 to −0.9
 Sex of the child (0=female)2.20.1−3.4 to 7.8
Physical parental factors
 Parental pain (VAS, range 0–10)−0.2−0.0−1.8 to 1.4
 Parental fatigue (CIS-8, range 8–56)−0.1−0.0−0.5 to 0.3
 Number of CDC CFS symptoms (0–8)−0.5−0.0−2.6 to 1.7
Psychosocial parental factors
 Parental pain catastrophising (PCS-P, range 0–52)−0.2−0.1−0.5 to 0.1
 Parental distress (DT-P, range 0–10)−1.3−0.2−2.7 to 0.2
Family empowerment
 FES family subscale (1–5)5.90.1−2.4 to 14.2
 FES service system subscale (1–5)2.40.1−4.8 to 9.6
  • The PedsQL MFS is scored on a scale from 0 to 100, with a lower score indicating more severe fatigue. Thus, a negative correlation indicates a lower score, indicating more fatigue.

  • Significant results in bold.

  • CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; CFS, chronic fatigue syndrome; CIS-8, Eight-Item Checklist Individual Strength; DT-P, Distress Thermometer for Parents; FES, Family Empowerment Scale; PCS-P, Pain Catastrophising Scale for Parents; PedsQL MFS, PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale; PedsQL MFS, PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.