Table 3

Linear regression models of parental reports of the SDQ total difficulties by living arrangement, sociodemographic variables and coparenting quality (n=12 845)

Model 1Model 2Model 3
B95% CIP valueB95% CIP valueB95% CIP value
Living arrangement
 Joint physical custodyRefRefRef
 Intact family−0.26−0.72 to 0.210.283−0.11−0.58 to 0.360.6430.70*0.24 to 1.150.003
 Living mostly with one parent1.27*0.45 to 2.090.0021.18*0.37 to 2.000.0040.14−0.66 to 0.930.735
 Living only with one parent1.38*0.58 to 2.190.0011.20*0.40 to 2.000.003−0.25−1.03 to 0.540.537
Child gender
 GirlRefRefRef
 Boy0.78*0.64 to 0.930.0000.78*0.63 to 0.930.0000.74*0.60 to 0.880.000
Respondent
 Female (mother)RefRefRef
 Male (father)0.34*0.06 to 0.620.019−0.37−0.96 to 0.220.220−0.38−0.95 to 0.200.199
 Two parents together0.31*0.16 to 0.470.0000.37*0.21 to 0.530.0000.60*0.45 to 0.750.000
Mother’s highest level of education
 University (3 years or more)RefRef
 Compulsory1.92*1.32 to 2.510.0001.99*1.42 to 2.570.000
 High school0.88*0.69 to 1.070.0000.80*0.62 to 0.980.000
 University (less than 3 years)0.56*0.32 to 0.810.0000.52*0.28 to 0.760.000
 Not reported1.07*0.53 to 1.600.0001.06*0.54 to 1.580.000
Coparenting quality−0.45*−0.48 to −0.420.000
  • *P<0.05.

  • †Includes some same sex parents.

  • SDQ, Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire.