Table 1

Characteristics of children and parents in different living arrangements

Sociodemographic variablesTotal sample
(n=12 845)
Children’s living arrangements
Intact family
(n=12 203)
Joint physical custody
(n=332)
Mostly with one parent
(n=151)
Only with one parent
(n=159)
n%n%n%n%n%
Child gender
 Girl622048.1590348.016348.57549.77949.1
 Boy664151.3631351.417150.97650.38150.3
 Not reported760.6730.620.600.010.6
Responding parent
 Female (mother)534241.3487339.720159.812683.414288.2
 Male (father)10588.29687.97321.7127.953.1
 Two parents together*651950.4643352.36017.9138.6138.1
 Not reported180.1150.120.600.010.6
Mother age (mean, SD)†35.394.6635.474.5834.185.0633.996.2632.846.49
Father age (mean, SD)‡37.605.4837.645.4636.055.5637.854.4233.569.00
Mother highest level of education
 Compulsory2031.61681.4154.574.6138.2
 High school275121.4252820.78525.66543.07345.9
 University less than 3 years130710.2123810.13510.51610.61811.3
 University more than 3 years728456.7707558.011534.64932.54528.3
 Not reported130010.111949.88224.7149.3106.3
Father highest level of education
 Compulsory1721.31611.341.232.042.5
 High school204615.9198416.35215.753.353.1
 University less than 3 years9027.08797.2175.164.000.0
 University more than 3 years416632.4409833.65516.685.353.1
 Not reported555943.3508141.620461.412985.414591.2
Mother country of birth
 Sweden705154.9671655.017151.58153.68352.2
 Other144011.2138311.3185.4138.62616.4
 Not reported435433.9410433.614343.15737.75031.4
Father country of birth
 Sweden448434.9437435.88926.8149.374.4
 Other8726.88537.092.721.385.0
 Not reported748958.3697657.223470.513589.414490.6
Coparenting quality
 High11 31488.110 97289.921865.77046.45434.0
 Low153111.9123110.111434.38153.610566.0
  • *Includes some same sex parents,

  • †n=9028.

  • ‡n=5697.