Table 2

Infrared thermography in paediatrics—QUADSA2 assessment of risk of bias and applicability

Study (ref.)Domain 1
Patient selection
Domain 2
Index tests
Domain 3
Reference standard
Domain 4
Flow and timing
Risk of biasConcerns regarding applicabilityRisk of biasConcerns regarding applicabilityRisk of biasConcerns regarding applicabilityRisk of bias
Kolosovas-Machuca and González3 LowLowUnclearLowN/AN/ALow
Symonds et al 4 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Selent et al 6 UnclearLowUnclearLowLowLowUnclear
Chan et al 7 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Fortuna et al 8 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Heimann et al 9 UnclearLowUnclearLowLowLowUnclear
Anderson et al 10 UnclearLowHighUnclearN/AN/AUnclear
Abbas et al 11 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Abbas and Leonhardt12 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Al-Khalidi et al 13 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Elphick et al 14 UnclearUnclearLowLowLowLowLow
Goldman15 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Rice et al 16 UnclearLowLowLowN/AN/ALow
Knobel et al 17 N/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Sanchis-Sánchez et al 18 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Silva et al 19 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Ćurković et al 20 LowLowUnclearLowLowLowLow
Saxena and Willital21 UnclearLowLowLowLowLowLow
Morcate et al 22 Case study
Saxena et al 23 Case study
Medina-Preciado et al 24 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Garcia-Romero et al 25 LowLowLowLowN/AN/ALow
Mohammed et al 26 LowLowLowLowN/AN/ALow
Iwata et al 27 Case study
Martini et al 28 UnclearLowHighLowLowLowLow
Castillo-Martínez et al 29 Case study
Kashiwagi et al 30 Case study
Zotter et al 31 UnclearLowLowLowLowLowLow
Lasanen et al 32 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Goetz et al 33 LowLowUnclearLowN/AN/ALow
Zurek et al 34 UnclearLowUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclearLow
Coben and Myers35 LowLowUnclearLowLowLowLow
Kaercher et al 36 UnclearLowLowLowLowLowLow
Clark et al 37 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Clark et al 38 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Cheema et al 39 Case study