Table 1

Comparison of NICE and BSPED DKA classification and dehydration status

GuidelinesSeverity of DKADehydration
NICEMild–moderate: blood pH≥7.1
Severe: blood pH<7.1
5%
10%
BSPEDMild (venous pH: 7.2–7.29 or bicarbonate: <15 mmol/L)
Moderate (venous pH: 7.1–7.19 or bicarbonate: <10 mmol/L)
Severe (venous pH: <7.1 or bicarbonate: <5 mmol/L)
5%
7%
10%
  • BSPED, British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes; DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis; NICE, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.