Table 2

Factors associated with neonatal hypothermia among neonates admitted at neonatal intensive care units in hospitals of east Wollega zone, Ethiopia; February–April 2020

VariablesCasesControlsCrude ORAdjusted OR (95% CI)
n=73 (%)n=176 (%)(95% CI)
Weight of newborn at admission
 <2500 g30 (41.1)12 (8.2)7.79 (3.67 to 16.53)3.43 (1.18 to 9.97)*
 ≥2500 g43 (58.9)134 (91.8)11
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation done
 Yes64 (87.7)70 (47.9)7.72 (3.58 to 16.67)3.42 (1.16 to 10.08)*
 No9 (12.3)76 (52.1)11
Initiation of breast feeding at birth
 Immediately16 (21.9)81 (55.5)11
 Within 1 hour10 (13.7)39 (26.7)1.30 (0.54 to 3.12)1.64 (0.57 to 4.68)
 After 1 hour47 (64.4)26 (17.8)9.15 (4.46 to 18.78)3.72 (1.39 to 10.00)*
Head covered with cap at birth
 Yes43 (58.9)120 (82.2)11
 No30 (41.1)26 (17.8)3.22 (1.72 to 6.05)2.98 (1.09 to 8.15)*
Skin-to-skin contact present at birth
 Yes29 (39.7)128 (87.7)11
 No44 (60.3)18 (12.3)10.79 (5.46 to 21.31)4.54 (1.75 to 11.81)*
Time of delivery
 Day9 (12.3)86 (58.9)11
 Night64 (87.7)60 (41.1)10.19 (4.71 to 22.05)6.63 (2.23 to 19.77)*
Gestational age
 <37 weeks26 (35.6)18 (12.3)3.93 (1.98 to 7.83)2.80 (0.93 to 8.41)
 ≥37 weeks47 (64.4)128 (87.7)11
  • 1: referent category; variables were adjusted for mother’s age.

  • *P value less than 0.05 (significant risk factors of neonatal hypothermia).