Table 2

Prevalence of suspected CAN

N (%)FC (n=228)Controls (n=153)Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
P value
Total suspected CAN53 (23.2%)46 (30.1%)0.7
(0.4 to 1.1)
0.14
Suspected sexual abuse*27 (11.8%)25 (16.3%)0.7
(0.4 to 1.2)
0.21
 History sexual abuse2 (0.9%)4 (2.7%)
 Clinical CSBI15 (6.7%)18 (12.0%)
 Abnormal LEC0 (0.0%)3 (2.1%)
 Abnormal SKPI13 (5.8%)2 (1.4%)
Suspected emotional abuse and neglect†17 (7.5%)11 (7.2%)1.1
(0.5 to 2.3)
0.90
 History neglect1 (0.5%)1 (0.7%)
 Abnormal LEC16 (7.3%)11 (7.8%)
Suspected physical abuse‡20 (8.8%)18 (11.8%)0.7
(0.4 to 1.4)
0.34
 History physical abuse2 (0.9%)1 (0.7%)
 Abnormal LEC18 (8.3%)17 (12.0%)
  • *According to a parent reported child’s history of sexual abuse, a clinical CSBI, abnormal SKPI and/or a child report of sexual abuse on the LEC questionnaire.

  • †According to a parent reported child’s history of neglect and/or child report of emotional abuse and neglect on the LEC questionnaire.

  • ‡According to a parent reported child’s history of physical abuse and/or child report of physical on the LEC questionnaire.

  • CAN, child abuse and neglect; CSBI, Child Sexual Behaviour Inventory; FC, functional constipation; LEC, Life Events Checklist; SKPI, Sexual Knowledge Picture Instrument.