Table 3

Clinical characteristics of children with suspected CAN

Children with suspicion of CAN (n=99)Children without suspicion of CAN (n=282)Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
P value
Child characteristics
 Age in years, median (IQR)7 (6–9)5 (5–8)1.1
(1.0 to 1.3)
0.02
 Girls, n (%)50 (50.0)141 (50.0)1.0
(0.7 to 1.6)
0.93
 Faecal incontinence, n (%))†38/53 (71.6)130/175 (74.3)0.9
(0.4 to 1.8)
0.67
 Behavioural problems, n (%)7 (7.1)10 (3.5)2.5
(0.9 to 6.8)
0.16
Parental characteristics
 Parent(s) Dutch origin, n (%)14 (15.4)42 (15.7)0.9
(0.5 to 1.9)
0.95
 Parent(s) low education*, n (%)52 (54.2)145 (52.5)1.1
(0.7 to 1.7)
0.78
 Parent(s) history abuse, n (%)13 (14.9)24 (9.3)1.7
(0.8 to 3.5)
0.14
 Parent(s) history domestic violence, n (%)14 (15.6)13 (5.1)3.4
(1.6 to 7.7)
0.002
 Parent(s) daily alcohol consumption, n (%)19 (30.6)22 (12.2)3.2
(1.6 to 6.4)
0.001
 Parent(s) drug abuse, n (%)8 (8.8)7 (2.7)3.6
(1.3 to 10.2)
0.03
 Parent(s) mental health problems, n (%)32 (34.0)71 (27.2)1.4
(0.8 to 2.3)
0.21
  • *<college or university degree.

  • †only in children with FC

  • -, not applicable; CAN, child abuse and neglect.