Table 1

Characteristics of the 1175 attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder medication poisoning exposures in children under 5 years of age as reported to the NSWPIC, 2004–2019

Sex
Male606 (52%)
Female522 (44%)
Unknown47 (4%)
Age
Median age (months)24
Quartiles 1 and 322–36
Age category
Toddler (1–4 years)1133 (96%)
Infant (4 weeks–12 months)42 (4%)
Exposure type
Accidental1104 (94%)
Therapeutic error61 (5%)
Other5 (<1%)
Adverse reaction2 (<1%)
Intentional3 (<1%)
Caller background*
Family member893 (61%)
Doctor269 (18%)
Nurse241 (16%)
Ambulance36 (2%)
Other/unknown15 (1%)
Other medical professional9 (1%)
Friend7 (<1%)
Pharmacist2 (<1%)
Disposition
Stayed home465 (40%)
Referred to hospital398 (34%)
In hospital246 (21%)
Other48 (4%)
At GP surgery11 (1%)
Referred to GP7 (<1%)
Prescribed for
Not stated737 (63%)
Sibling312 (27%)
Other family member60 (5%)
Themselves52 (4%)
Friend14 (1%)
  • *Caller background includes both the original call and subsequent re-calls about the same exposure. This information is collected to differentiate different people (parent, triage nurse, treating doctor) for the same child.

  • GP, general practitioner; NSWPIC, New South Wales Poisons Information Centre.