Table 4

Comparison of clinical details of ED presentation between non-homeless and homeless children under 16 years attending ED

VariableNon-homelessHomelessP value
n=1500n=3138
n%95% CIn%95% CI
GP143195.894.6 to 96.7281689.788.6 to 90.8<0.001
Medical card44329.727.4 to 3214694745.3 to 48.8<0.001
No pre-existing medical condition108472.369.9 to 74.5231473.772.2 to 75.30.289
 Vaccinationχ2 (3)=46
n=4539
p<0.001
 Unvaccinated130.90.5 to 1.59132.4 to 3.6
 Incomplete20313.712 to 15.556518.517.2 to 19.9
 Complete121581.979.8 to 83.8224973.672 to 75.2
 NA*533.62.7 to 4.61504.94.2 to 5.7
Primary attendance†142094.793.4 to 95.7156749.948.2 to 51.7
Ambulance1006.75.5 to 8.141413.212.1 to 14.4<0.001
Representation‡15810.59.1 to 12.250015.914.7 to 17.3<0.001
Attendances last 6 months
 Mdn (IQR)1(0–1)1(0–2)<0.001
 ≥4815.44.4 to 6.73049.78.7 to 10.8<0.001
Triage categoryχ2 (5)=47
N=4610
p<0.001
 None/DNW583.93 to 52096.75.9 to 7.6
 1100.70.4 to 1.2140.40.3 to 0.8
 227518.516.6 to 20.545814.713.5 to 16
 354136.333.9 to 38.89683129.4 to 32.7
 459439.937.4 to 42.4141345.343.6 to 47
 5120.80.5 to 1.4581.91.4 to 2.4
DNW553.72.8 to 4.71615.14.4 to 60.027
Outcomeχ2 (6)=36
N=4638
p<0.001
 DNW triage90.60.3 to 1.1200.60.4 to 1
 DNW medical463.12.3 to 4.11414.53.8 to 5.3
 Discharge107371.560.2 to 73.823847674.5 to 77.4
 ED review clinic986.55.4 to 7.92146.86 to 7.8
 OPD1459.78.3 to 11.318965.2 to 6.9
 Admission ward1268.47.1 to 9.91865.95.2 to 6.8
 Admission PICU30.20.1 to 0.640.10.1 to 0.3
 Death000 to 0.3000 to 0.1
LOS Mdn (IQR)2(1–3)3(1–6)0.001
  • *Too young (age <8 weeks) for vaccination.

  • †Primary attendances address patient numbers rather than attendances. The percentage represents what proportion of attendances were primary attendances.

  • ‡Representation with same issue within 2 weeks.

  • DNW, did not wait.; ED, emergency department; GP, general practitioner; LOS, length of stay; Mdn, median; NA, not available; OPD, outpatient department; PICU, paediatric intensive care unit.