Table 3
(B) Adult report (n=34)
QuestionsComponents
1*2†3‡
Verbal stigmatisation*
 1a. Can other people see that you have genitalia that are (slightly) different from other men/women? 0.63 0.030.10
 1b. How stressful is this to you? 0.62 0.360.42
 1c§. Open-ended question: Can you tell us more about this?
 2a. Do you think that other people look at you because of your atypical genitalia? 0.79 0.330.22
 2b. How stressful is this to you? 0.86 0.190.23
 4a. Do you think that other people look at you because of your atypical physical appearance? 0.71 −0.080.37
 4b. How stressful is this to you? 0.82 0.210.25
 5a. Do other people speak negatively about you because of your atypical genital or physical appearance? 0.75 0.08−0.13
 5b. How stressful is this to you? 0.86 0.10−0.05
7a. Do other people, including family members, speak or behave negatively about you because you show more cross-gender behaviour compared with others?
(For woman: Do you prefer more masculine activities compared with other women?
For man: do you prefer more feminine activities compared with other men?)
0.73 −0.270.12
7b. How stressful is this to you? 0.71 −0.230.12
Behavioural stigmatisation †
 3a. Can other people see that you have an atypical appearance?0.08 0.65 0.41
 3b. How stressful is this to you?0.43 0.55 0.23
 6a. Do you behave (slightly) differently from other men/women?0.01 0.64 0.17
 6b. How stressful is this to you?0.16 0.36 0.10
 9a. Do other people tease you or call you by funny names because of your atypical genital or physical appearance?0.10 0.84 0.07
 9b. How stressful is this to you?0.15 0.87 0.18
 10a. Do other people isolate/reject you because of your atypical genital or physical appearance?−0.21 0.68 0.23
 10b. How stressful is this to you?−0.21 0.68 0.23
Emotional problems‡
 13a. Do you suffer from emotional problems because of your atypical genital/appearance?0.310.40 0.75
 13b. How stressful is this to you?0.310.37 0.75
 13c. How frequently were you sad?−0.060.20 0.94
 13d. How frequently were you depressed?0.110.16 0.93
 13e. How frequently were you angry?0.340.31 0.68
 13g. How frequently were you shy?0.170.16 0.73
 13h. How frequently were you socially withdrawn?0.110.14 0.71
 14. Are you worried about your future?0.210.10 0.74
 15. Is it difficult for you to accept your condition?−0.020.20 0.75
  • *Verbal reaction received due to DSD conditions and the stress evoked by such experiences (α=0.92).

  • †Behavioural reaction received due to DSD conditions and the stress evoked by such experiences (α=0.85).

  • ‡Reported emotional problem due to having DSD conditions (α=0.94).

  • §Each question 1–7, 9, 10 was followed by an open-ended question: Can you tell us more about this? Example?

  • SSS-DSD, Social Stigmatisation Scale–disorder of sex development.