Table 2

Parents’ and children’s mental health outcomes

Parents’ DASS-21
Depression symptoms, mean score (SD)25.4%, 6.69 (6.95)
Depression severity
Normal74.6%
Mild10%
Moderate8.6%
Severe4.3%
Extremely severe2.4%
Anxiety symptoms, mean score (SD)35.9%, 6.49 (6.82)
Anxiety severity
Normal64.1%
Mild11.5%
Moderate15.8%
Severe2.4%
Extremely severe6.2%
Stress symptoms, mean score (SD)28.2%, 11.78 (7.86)
Stress severity
Normal71.8%
Mild12.4%
Moderate9.1%
Severe4.3%
Extremely severe2.4%
Children PSC and CHSQ
PSC
Mean score, (SD)17.02, (8.75)
Psychosocial dysfunction (score >28)12%
Attention symptoms38.8%
Internalising symptoms12%
Externalising symptoms7.7%
CHSQ
Mean score, (SD)43.95, (7.45)
Sleep impairment (score >41)59.8%
  • CSHQ, Children Sleep Habits Questionnaire; DASS-21, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21; PSC, Paediatric Symptom Checklist.