Table 1

Characteristics of existing systematic reviews

First author Year Age range Sample size No. of included studies Study designs Intervention/exposure Outcomes reported Limitations and other comments
Paulis7 20140 to 18-year olds1 106 675 children in cross-sectional; 2380 in prospective4033 cross-sectional, 7 prospectiveAny definition of overweight or obesity between ages 0 and 18 yearsMusculoskeletal pain, injury or fractureIncluded studies are of moderate or low quality.
Literature published up to 2013.
Conducted bias/quality assessment.
Outcome reported during childhood.
Stolzman8 20153 to 18-year olds835 350 children13Cross-sectionalOverweight or obesity between ages 3 and 18 yearsPes planus and other foot structure deformitiesOnly cross-sectional.
Literature published up to 2013.
No quality/bias assessment.
Outcome reported during childhood.