Table 1

Clinical characteristics of children with community-acquired sepsis admitted to hospitals in two rural provinces—Thailand, October–December 2017.

Characteristics, n (%)Total
(n=152)‡
Sepsis
(n=82)
Severe sepsis
(n=63)
Septic shock
(n=7)
Age in years, median (IQR)2.5 (<1 to 10)2 (<1 to 9)2 (<1 to 10)15 (12 to 17)
Age group in years
>28 days to 1 year57 (37.5)35 (42.7)22 (34.9)0
2–5 years42 (27.6)22 (26.8)21 (33.3)0
6–12 years23 (15.1)13 (15.9)8 (12.7)2 (28.6)
13–17 years29 (19.1)12 (14.6)12 (19.0)5 (71.4)
Male86 (56.6)47 (57.3)36 (57.1)3 (42.9)
Admitted to intensive care unit3 (2.2)03 (4.8)0
Admission month
October68 (44.7)35 (42.7)32 (50.8)1 (14.3)
November61 (40.1)33 (40.2)25 (39.7)3 (42.9)
December23 (15.1)14 (17.1)6 (9.5)3 (42.9)
Underlying condition*†
Cardiovascular6 (3.9)3 (3.7)3 (4.8)0
Neurological4 (2.6)2 (2.4)1 (1.6)1 (14.3)
Haematological6 (3.9)2 (2.4)4 (6.3)0
Chief complaint*†
Fever140 (92.1)81 (98.8)54 (85.7)5 (71.4)
Cough71 (46.7)30 (36.6)37 (58.7)4 (57.1)
Nausea/vomiting36 (23.7)18 (22.0)14 (22.2)4 (57.1)
Admission diagnosis*†
Fever56 (36.8)39 (47.6)15 (23.8)2 (28.6)
Sepsis/possible sepsis15 (9.9)3 (3.7)9 (14.3)3 (42.9)
Pneumonia/lower respiratory infection33 (21.7)9 (11.0)22 (34.9)2 (28.6)
Organ dysfunction*†
Hypotension15 (9.9)09 (14.3)6 (85.7)
Acute kidney injury (creatinine >2 mg/dL)3 (2.0)02 (3.2)1 (14.3)
Thrombocytopaenia (x109/L)14 (9.2)010 (15.9)4 (57.1)
Clinical management within first day of hospitalisation
Intravenous resuscitation130 (85.5)65 (79.3)58 (92.1)7 (100.0)
Antibiotics131 (86.2)64 (78.0)55 (87.3)7 (100.0)
Vasopressor11 (7.2)04 (6.3)7 (100.0)
Mechanical ventilation22 (14.5)019 (30.2)3 (42.9)
Discharge diagnosis*†
Pneumonia32 (21.1)10 (12.2)21 (33.3)1 (14.3)
Diarrhoea/gastroenteritis12 (7.9)10 (12.2)1 (1.6)1 (14.3)
Pylonephritis/urinary tract infection6 (3.9)6 (7.3)00
Hospital stay in days, median (IQR)3 (2–6)3 (2–4)5 (2–13)7 (5–13)
In-hospital outcomes
Complete recovery1 (0.7)01 (1.6)0
Partial recovery131 (86.2)77 (93.9)51 (81.0)5 (71.4)
Not improved12 (7.9)4 (4.9)8 (12.7)0
In-hospital mortality5 (3.3)03 (4.8)2 (28.6)
  • *Most frequently reported variables are listed.

  • †Patients may have more than one category selected.

  • ‡Numbers within categories may not add up to column totals due to missing data.