Table 2

Clinical and nutritional correlates of likely bacterial aetiology of diarrhoea among children aged 2–23 months with moderate-to-severe diarrhoea adjusted for factors

Bacterial aetiology
Proportion n/N (%)Adjusted* OR (95% CI)P value
Moderate to severe diarrhoea defining characteristics
Severe stunting only94/417 (22.5)Ref.
Some/severe dehydration only764/2832 (27.0)1.67 (1.26 to 2.24)<0.001
MAM only675/2228 (30.3)1.57 (1.19 to 2.09)0.002
MAM and some/severe dehydration209/626 (33.4)2.23 (1.62 to 3.08)<0.001
MAM and severe stunting109/408 (26.7)1.13 (0.79 to 1.62)0.52
Some/severe dehydration and severe stunting22/95 (23.2)1.42 (0.79 to 2.49)0.23
MAM, some/severe dehydration and severe stunting20/84 (23.8)0.80 (0.39 to 1.53)0.52
No1646/5884 (28.0)Ref.
Yes248/808 (30.7)1.11 (0.93 to 1.32)0.26
Duration of diarrhoea (excluding day of enrolment)
Diarrhoea (0–6 days)1781/6328 (28.1)Ref.
Prolonged duration (7–14 days)113/364 (31.0)1.22 (0.94 to 1.58)0.13
Frequency of diarrhoea in the past 24 hours
Low frequency (3–6 stools)912/3536 (25.8)Ref.
High frequency (>6 loose stools)982/3156 (31.1)1.20 (1.05 to 1.36)0.007
  • *Adjusted for child age, child sex, household wealth quintile, maternal age, maternal education, country of enrolment, rotavirus vaccination status, maternal BMI, total number of children under age 5 year in the household, defining characteristic of moderate to severe diarrhoea, fever, duration of diarrhoea and high versus low frequency of stools in past 24 hours.

  • BMI, body mass index; MAM, moderate acute malnutrition.