Table 1

Patient and maternal demographics, neonatal characteristics at the time of extubation

All infants
n=108
Extubation Success
Group, n=90 (83%)
Extubation Failure
Group, n=18 (17%)
P values
Gestational age, weeks26.2±1.426.3±1.325.5±1.40.02
Birth weight, g742±166750±168703±1590.29
Complete course of antenatal steroids*50 (46)42 (47)8 (44)1
5 min Apgar Score8 (2-9)7 (2-9)8 (4-9)0.50
SGA31 (29)27 (30)4 (22)0.58
Male47 (44)35 (39)12 (67)0.04
Premature rupture of membranes>12 hours38 (35)29 (32)9 (50)0.18
Delivery by caesarean section82 (76)69 (77)13 (72)0.76
Extubation weight, g739±149741±154732±1420.82
Extubation attempt, days4 (1–53)4 (1–53)5 (1–19)0.95
Postnatal age at extubation, weeks27.2 (24–32)27.2 (24–32)26.3 (25–30)0.31
  • Values expressed as mean±SD, median (range) and number (per cent).

  • *A complete course of antenatal steroids was defined as two doses of betamethasone administered more than 24 hours but no more than 7 days before delivery.

  • SGA, small for gestational age.